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JAIPUR

Hawa Mahal (The Palace of Winds): The Pyramid shaped palace in pink sandstone is naturally airconditioned through the numerous perforated stone screens (jali) dotting its facade. The purpose of the palace was to provide the royal ladies from where they could watch royal processions in the bazaar below, hidden from the public eye. 
 
City Palace & Museum: Centrally located in Jaipur, the city palace complex almost a seventh of the citie’s area. The principal enterance is the Sirh Deorhi Aatish gate being the auxillary one.
 
Jantar Mantar: This is the largest observatory among those built by the astronomer king Sawai Jai Singh II in various parts of the country. Also called as the "Yantralaya”. Its various instruments (yantras) were used to observe the movements of heavenly bodies as also to measure the local time and predict eclipses.
 
Amer Fort: Encircled by the pristine Maota lake & enveloped by lush green hillocks stands the majestic Amer Fort. 11 km from Jaipur, overlooking the Delhi-Jaipur highway, the fort used to be abode of the Kachchwala rulers, 7 centuries before Jaipur was built.It is approached by a step path which may be travarsed on elephant back. The main attraction inside the breathtaking Sheesh Mahal (palace of mirrors), a fascinating view of the Kesar Kyari in the Maota lake can be had from the ramparts of the fort.
 
Jal Mahal: 8 Kms. from Jaipur is the lovely picture perfect Man Sarobar lake, which houses the wonderful Water Palace (built in 1735) Jai Mahal.
 
Maharani Ki Chattar & Gaitore: The Chattari is a complex dedicated to the memory of the queens of Jaipur. Also, enroute is Gaitore, where cenotaphs of the various rulers of Jaipur have been built. Intricately carved designs and elegant bas relief depicting the tastes of the person whom the cenotaph commemorates impart an aura of grandeur to the place.Jantar Mantar : Jantar Mantar is an ancient Observatory built between 1728 and 1734. Each instrument serves a particular function and give accurate readings.
 
Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh: Located along the road of Agra 8 kms from Jaipur, this magnificient garden was built by Maharaja Sawai Singh II for his Sisodiya queen. It also has a palace flanked by galleries on three sides. The beautiful multilevel gardens are dotted by bubbling waterways, fountains, pools and enchanting pieces of scultpture.
 
Ram Niwas Bagh: Originally built as a famine relief project the Bagh comprises a zoological garden, amuseum and numerous sportsgrounds. The landscaped zoo, apart from being the home of a large variety of flora and fauna is also the breeding ground of crocodiles and pythons. The Albert Hall museum inside the Bagh has a vast collection of brassware sculptures, paintings, crafts. Et al, reflecting the rich heritage of the city. The celebrated Persian carpet and Egyptian Mummy are principal attractionshere.
 
Ramgarh Lake: 35 Kms. from Jaipur on NH 8, the sprawling artificial lake enveloped by emerald green hills is an excellent picnic spot. Boating and fishing are allowed and tourist accomodation is available at the Jheel Tourist Village.Galtaji : This ancient pilgrim centre lies amidst the low hills which flank the city. A small sun temple located at the highest peak provides a fascinating view of the city below. Numerous temples, pavillions and holy pools (kunds) occupy the sprawling green premises. The natural springs here are said to possess curative properties. The legend is that Galtaji was the place where the sage Galava performed penance 15 centuries ago.
 
Jain Temple: This serene palace of worship of Jains has graceful 19th century paintings lining its interior walls. It is situated on the Agra road.
 
Modti Doongri: Located on a hill top, south of Jaipur Doongri, closely resembles a scottish castle.
 
Lakshmi Narayan Mandir: Near to Moti Doongri, is the Laxmi Narayan Temple dedicated to lord Vishnu. This white Marble wonder was built only recently.
 
Nearby Places of Interest
 
Amer Fort & Temple: 11 Kms from Jaipur, this is on the Delhi road. This fort is a beautiful structure with some magnificient views. The lake below has facility for boating and the elephant rides should not be missed. The temple is still used as a place of worship by many locals on specific events.
 
Jaigarh: 15 kms on the western horizon from Jaipur lies theis medivial fort, gaurding the city. It has been preserved in good state with all its palaces, gardens and temples intact. One of the largest Cannos of the country "Jaiban” is also displayed here.
 
Nahargarh: Also called the tiger fort it is situated at a height of 600 feet, overlooking Jaigarh. Much of this guarding sentinels premises is in ruins except some new structures built in 19th centuary. The rooms here provide a spectacular bird’d eye view of the city.
 
Bagru: It is the haven of textile, the popularity of Bagru prints is world famous. A small hamlet about 35 kms from Jaipur, on the Ajmer Road has become a tourist destnation, after its fabric exports. The traditional Chipa printers continue their three centuries old tradition of hand block printing using natural dyes and treating the cotton cloth with eath and natural dyes.
 
Sambhar: This world famous place is the abode of the country’s largest inland lake. It is 95 kms. from Jaipur.
 
Samode: The grandeur of Rajputana haveli architechure is at its flambouyant best evident at Samode. Now converted to a Heritage Hotel, the grand Durbar Hall is its premier attraction. Nesteled amongst the wooded hills, it is an excellent spot for excursion.
 
Sanganer: Sanganer is 16 kms from Jaipur on the Tonk Road and is very close to the Airport. It is famous for its craftsmanship as well as for its monuments. Sanganeri block print fabrics, hand made paper and blue pottery are appreciated worl over. The Jain temples here showcase exquisite designs in white marble. Sanganer also, has some remenant ruiins of a fort palace.

Rajasthans beautiful Pink City Jaipur, was the stronghold of a clan of rulers whose three hill forts and series of palaces in the city are important attractions. Known as the Pink City because of the colour of the stone used exclusively in the walled city, Jaipur's bazaars sell embroidered leather shoes, blue pottery, tie and dye scarves and other exotic wares. Western Rajasthan itself forms a convenient circuit, in the heart of the Thar desert which has shaped its history, lifestyles and architecture.

 
Founded in AD 1727 by Sawai Jaisingh II, Jaipur the capital of Rajasthan is popularly known as the Pink City with broad avenues and spacious gardens. The capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur is steeped in history and culture. Here the past comes alive in magnificent forts and palaces, blushed pink, where once lived the maharajas. The bustling bazaars of Jaipur, famous for Rajasthani jewellery, fabric and shoes, possess a timeless quality and are surely a treasure-trove for the shoppers. This fascinating city with its romantic charm takes you to an epoch of royalty and tradition.
 
The imperial city, replete with amazing legends of romance and heroism. A land where the past thrives still. This is the fortified city of Jodhpur, standing a wary sentinel to the great Thar Desert. Beckoning you to the wilderness of fascinating dunes, rocky terrain and thorny vegetation.
 
Once the capital city of the Marwar state, it was founded in 1459 by Rao Jodhaji - chief of the Rathore Clan of Rajputs who claimed descent from Lord Rama. A major trade centre of 16th century, the city, today, has grown to become the second largest city of Rajasthan, retaining the medieval splendour.
 
The city is encompassed by a high wall, 10 km. long with eight gates. Within the city, atop a rocky hill, stands the massive fort, 120 mtrs. above the plains.
 
Packed with history, art and culture, this princely state is a treasure trove of some exquisite palaces, forts, temples and havelis standing a testimony to the imperial grandeur. But what entices the most in Jodhpur is the traditional lifestyle, festivity and smiling people.
 
History
Jaipur, the pink city was founded in 1727 by Maharaja Jai Singh II, a Kachhwaha Rajput, who ruled from 1699-1744. Initially his capital was Amber, which lies at a distance of 11kms from Jaipur. He felt the need of shifting his capital city with the increase in population and growing scarcity of water. Jaipur is the first planned city of India and the King took great interest while designing this city of victory. He consulted several books on architecture and architects before making the lay out of Jaipur.
 
After several battles with Marathas, Jai Singh was keen on the security aspect of the city. Due to this reason, he focused on his scientific and cultural interests to make a brilliant city. Being, a lover of mathematics and science, Jai Singh sought advice from Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, a Brahmin scholar of Bengal, to aid him design the city architecture. Vidyadhar referred the ancient Indian literature on astronomy, books of Ptolemy and Euclid, and discussed the plan with the King.
 
With a strategic plan, the construction of the city started in 1727. It took around 4 years to complete the major palaces, roads and square. The city was built following the principles of Shilpa Shastra, the Indian Architecture. The city was divided into nine blocks, out of which two consist the state buildings and palaces, whereas the remaining seven blocks were allotted to the public. In order to ensure the security, huge fortification walls were made along with seven strong gates.
 
According to that time, architecture of the town was very advanced and certainly the best in Indian subcontinent. In 1853, when Prince of Wales visited Jaipur, the whole city was painted in Pink color to welcome him. Still, the neat and broadly laid-out avenues, painted in pink provide a magical charm to the city. Jaipur is rich in its cultural and architectural beauty, which can be traced in the various historical and aesthetic places that reside in the city. This city of victory really wins the hearts of the people with its splendid charisma.
 
Getting to Jaipur
 
By Air: Indian Airlines connect Jaipur with Delhi, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Aurangabad, Bombay, Varanasi, Calcutta, Ahmedabad.
 
By Rail: Jaipur is connected by rail with Delhi, Agra, Ahmedabad, Ajmer, Abu Road (Mount Abu), Udaipur, Bombay and Sawai Madhopur.
 
By Road: Good motorable roads connect Jaipur with Delhi 258 km, Agra 236 km, Bikaner 321 km, Udaipur 405 km, Ajmer 131 km, Jodhpur 316 km, Bharatpur 176 km, Jaisalmer 638 km and Bombay 1202 km.
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