Home> India>Jodhpur

JODHPUR

Mehrangarh Fort: One of the most stunning hill forts of Rajasthan, Mehrangarh appears to rise from the bluff-coloured sandstone hill itself, so well built into the base that it is difficult to tell where the hill ends and the walls begin. Founded in the 15th century by the Rathore Rajputs when they shifted their capital form nearby Mandore to Jodhpur (or the region known as Marwar), it is approached by a series of seven gateways set at an angle so that armies could not charge them with any success. Pass the gates, the fort-palace take one's breath away. Across form huge courtyards are set wings of palatial apartments that have been built over five centuries of bristling history. Today, managed as a museum by the royal trust that maintains it, only some of the more spectacular palaces of Mehrangarh are open to visitors. These consists of Moti Mahal with its pierced screen windows overlooking the coronation seat where the Rathore rulers have been ritually appointed to rule, Jhanki Mahal, the Apartment from where the zenana women would watch ceremonial events; Chandan Mahal, where affairs of state were discussed; the royal Darbar Takhat or throne room with its octagonal throne; and the Rang Mahal where the Maharaja would play Holi with his zenana. Also noteworthy are Sheesh Mahal, Phool Mahal, Umaid Vials and Maan Vilas, while a large ten seized from the Mughals in battle is spread for viewing in what has come to be referred to as the Ten Room. Mehrangarh from the outside is impressive, and certainly forbidding. There is a surprising lightness to it though, once actually within the fort. The builders seemed to want to make up for the stern austerity of its wall with an overwhelming profusion of windows and jharokas at the upper ends. The effect seems to exaggerate its already impressive height.

 
Umaid Bhawan Palace: Umaid Bhawan Palace can qualify for several firsts the largest private residence in the world, the finest extant example of art-deco, the only palace to have painting from the Ramayana painted by a Polish artist, the first to use air-conditioning, electricity and elevators, and the most impressive for its size and dimensions. Yet, that should be hardly strange, for the architect, H.V. Lancaster, who planned it, wanted it to rival the Vice Regal Lodge (now Rashtrapati Bhawan) then being planned by Sir Edward Lutyens in the new capital at New Delhi, also then under construction. For starters, Umaid Bhawan is a formal building that is perfectly symmetrical, and its 347 rooms offer few concessions to Rajput architecture other than such devises as concealed corridors and balconies for the women of the zenana, and the use of courtyards around which the several wings of the palace are arranged.
 
Built at the height of the art-deco period, there are several embellishments o n the outer walls, such as the eagle, carved from sandstone. All original fittings have been retained. While many of its accoutrements are in use, others have been placed in a museum within the premises. Here, you can find out for yourself the fine chine used by the royal family, trace the history of the clocks and telephones that were once put to use in the different rooms, and discover a bit of your own past in a nostalgia-driven journey through a time not so long ago.
 
Jaswant Thada: A cluster of royal cenotaphs in white marble built in 1899 A.D. in memory of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II. Within the main cenotaph are the portraits of various Jodhpur rulers.
 
MUSEUMS & ART GALLERIES
 
Goverment Museum: Located in the Umaid gardens on High Court Road, it has a large and fairly interesting collection. There are many stuffed animals, including a number of desert birds in two glass cases, each with a thorn bush. The military section includes cumbersome wooden biplane models and an extraordinary battleship.
 
Meharangarh Fort Museum: This is an excellent museum with rare and interesting artifacts, textiles, paintings, transport items etc. laid out with utmost care and thought. The Palanquin Gallery and Howdah Gallery display a superb collection of old and costly specimens of great historical value.
 
Umaid Bhawan Palace Museum: Recently the ruling family of Jodhpur has converted a part of the gigantic Umaid Bhawan Palace as a Palace Museum. The items on display include rare collection of clocks and watches, fine chine, ornate mirrored furniture, glass and crystal ware, photographs etc. The visitors get access to the grounds and parts of the Umaid Bhawan Palace, one of the largest private residences in the world.
 
Goverment Museum Mandore:  About 8 kms form Jodhpur; Mandore was the capital of Marwar. This enchanting place having beautifully carved cenotaphs, halls of heroes, palaces and old fort, is of immense historical importance. The Janana Mahal, which was built for the use of royal ladies by Maharaja Ajit Singh (1671- 1724 AD) in Mandore Garden, has been developed as a museum. The Natural History section has an African Bison and a crocodile of 11 feet. The long Art Gallery exhibits large paintings of Maharajas of Jodhpur and events in their lives. There is a complete section of miniature painting on Raga-Raganis. The museum also has sculptures of gods and goddess, mentionable among them being the stature of Dancer (12th century AD) and carving of Krishnaleela on one big stone found from Kiradu. The carving in Devals, Dalan, Chattris and Ek Thamba tower make the Mandore museum and example of excellent architecture.
 
NEARBY PLACES OF INTEREST
 
Balsammand Lake: One of the best places to visit in Jodhpur. Serves as an Picnic spot. This artificial lake was built during 1159 AD and is located 7 km from the Jodhpur. One of the most scenic places in Jodhpur, the Balsammand Lake is surrounded by lush green gardens and cascading waterfalls. On the banks of this lake is the famous Balsammand Palace, a must see point in Jodhpur. One can get sight of beautiful peacocks, jackals all over the lush greenery.
 
Mandore: Mandore is an ancient town located around 9 km from Jodhpur. This town boasts of its several historical monuments, few including ruins of the past including the ruined Mandore Fort. This place is worth visiting as it revives the ancient history and highlights the royal past of India. Other than the monuments, one can also visit the Mandore Gardens which forms one of the main attraction among tourists. This garden is actually a charming collection of temples and memorials including the Government Museum (worth seeing). The museum houses the Hall of Heroes which houses popular heroes of the area.
 
Kaylana Lake: Kaylana Lake is an artificial lake built during 1872 by Maharana Pratap Singh towards the west side of Jodhpur.
 
Jaswant Thada: One of the most popular landmarks of Rajasthan, the Jaswant Thada is a white marble memorial built by Sardar Singh in the memory of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II in 1889. This monument is a finest example of excellent marble works with sheets of marble intricately carved to form an rare artifact. This ancient cremation ground for the rulers of Jodhpur is exquisitely built and is beautifully landscaped. Jodhpur around 8 km from the main city.
 
Dhawa Doli Wildlife Sanctuary: This sanctuary is located 40 km from Jodhpur and serves as a great tourists destination. This sanctuary houses large population of black bucks, desert foxes, nilgais and partridges. Visit this place early morning for great animal spotting. Serves as a great one day tour.

Jodhpur history revolves around the Rathore Clan. Rao Jodha, the chief of the Rathore clan, is credited with the origin of Jodhpur in India. He founded Jodhpur in 1459. The city is named after him only. It was previously known as Marwar. The following paragraphs will tell you more about the past of Jodhpur, Rajasthan. 

 
The Rathores were driven out of their original homeland, Kaunaj, by Afghans. They fled to Pali, near to the present day Jodhpur. Rathore Siahaji married the sister of a local prince. This helped the Rathores to establish and strengthen themselves in this region. In some time they ousted the Pratiharas of Mandore, just 9 km of today's Jodhpur. Initially, Mandore served as their capital, but, by 1459, Rathores felt a need for a secure capital. This lead to the formation of Jodhpur, the Sun City, by Rao Jodha.
 
The Rathores enjoyed good relations with all the Mughals, except Aurangzeb. Maharaja Jaswant Singh even supported Shahjahan in his struggle for succession. After Aurangzeb's death, Maharaja Ajit Singh drove out Mughals from Ajmer and added it to Marwar (now Jodhpur). Under the reign of Maharaja Umed Singh,Jodhpur grew into a fine modern city.
 
During the British Raj, the state of Jodhpur was the largest in Rajputana, by land area. Jodhpur prospered under the British Raj. Its merchants, the Marwaris, flourished endlessly. They came to occupy a dominant position in trade throughout India. In 1947 India became independent and the state merged into the union of India. Jodhpur became the second city of Rajasthan.
 
Getting to Jodhpur
 
By Air: The Jodhpur Airport is 5 km from the city center. Regular flight services connect the city with other major cities in and around Rajasthan. There are daily flights to Delhi, Mumbai, Udaipur and Jaipur.
 
By Train: Jodhpur is well connected by railway lines. Trains to Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata are easily available. The "Palace on Wheels” also visits this city of royal splendor.
 
By Road: Another convenient mode of transportation to Jodhpur is by road. The main highway between Jodhpur and Jaisalmer is via Agoli and Pokaran. The highway is well connected with Agra, Ahmedabad, Ajmer, Delhi, Jaipur, Jaisalmer and Udaipur by bus.
Name Of Destination*
Your Name*
Email*
Phone
Country*
Preferred Month*
Persons
Adult*
Children
 
Rough Budget in USD (per day/ per person)
Preferred Type of Accommodation
Any Specific Requirements/Additional request

 
 
Thank you for your trust